Muhammara (Syrian Red Pepper Dip)

This gluten-free muhammara is a tasty, low fat Middle Eastern dip that’s filled with tangy and sweet flavors. Perfect for snacking or for gatherings!

Gluten-Free Muhammara - this tasty, low fat Middle Eastern dip is filled with tangy and sweet flavors. Perfect for gatherings!

Food has the power to unite people, families and communities.
– Jamie Oliver

One of the big reasons why I love cooking is because it is my window into another culture. I may not be fortunate enough to travel everywhere on my bucket list, but at the very least, I can get a sense of another country, of another society, through food.

In light of current events, I picked up the #CookForSyria Recipe Book (thanks to Lily’s recommendation). My goal was very simple: to learn more about a country that is often discussed in the media, but whose culture we often misunderstand. The cookbook is a collection of recipes that are created by top British chefs and influencers and inspired by Syrian cuisine. Page after page, the book is filled with mouthwatering recipes. The best part of the book is that all the proceeds go to UNICEF’s humanitarian efforts in Syria!

As I flipped through the cookbook, Yotam Ottolenghi’s muhammara caught my eye. It was one of my favorite dips that I bought at the San Mateo farmer’s market, back when I still lived in the Bay Area. I made a few modifications to the original recipe, the biggest one being the preparation method. Ottolenghi’s recipe instructed me to pound the bell peppers into a paste with a pestle and mortar, and I definitely did not have the patience for that! The food processor does a wonderful job at blending all the ingredients, so let’s just leave it at that. I also thought that the dip could use a little more tanginess, so I added a splash of balsamic vinegar to the dip.

I have enjoyed the muhammara as a snack with carrots and crackers and used it as a paste to flavor leftover cooked millet. The dip is incredibly versatile!

Gluten-Free Muhammara - this tasty, low fat, vegan Middle Eastern dip is filled with tangy and sweet flavors. Perfect for gatherings!


  • Roasting the bell peppers: You will need a gas oven in order to roast the peppers in the oven so that the skin blackens. I’ve tried roasting them in an electric oven before and it didn’t work, even after I stuck everything under the broiler. If you can’t roast bell peppers easily, I recommend buying jarred roasted bell peppers. You’ll need about 1 1/2 cups of it.
  • Substitutions: The original recipe uses a few ingredients that are no easy to find at a standard grocery store. One of them is pomegranate molasses. You can follow my recipe to make your own or you can substitute the molasses with 2 teaspoons of honey and 2 teaspoons of balsamic vinegar (in addition to the balsamic vinegar that’s already in the recipe). Another difficult-to-find ingredient is aleppo pepper. I used 1/2 tablespoon of red pepper flakes instead and it tasted great. You can add more pepper flakes if you want more heat.






Yield 6 servings

This muhammara is great as a dip or served with rice or your favorite grains. I also like smearing it inside my sandwiches or wraps. 

You will need to use a gas oven in order to blacken the peppers inside the oven. Another option is to use jarred roasted red peppers, about 1 1/2 cups total. 


  • 3 medium red bell peppers
  • 1/2 cup gluten-free breadcrumbs*
  • 1 clove of garlic
  • 2 teaspoons lemon juice 
  • 1/2 tablespoon pomegranate molasses
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons balsamic vinegar
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 tablespoon red pepper flakes
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil, plus more for drizzling 
  • 1/3 cup walnut halves, finely chopped

Optional Toppings

  • chopped parsley
  • lemon zest
  • freshly ground black pepper


  1. Preheat the oven to 400 degrees F (200 degrees C) and position an oven rack to the center position. Line a baking sheet pan with foil. 
  2. Put the bell peppers on the sheet pan and bake for 30 to 35 minutes, turning occasionally, until the outer skin is blackened. Once the peppers are roasted, transfer them to a heat-safe bowl and cover it with plastic wrap. Let the peppers sit for about 30 minutes. Once the peppers are cool enough to handle, remove the skin, stem, seeds and ribs. 
  3. Add the peppers, breadcrumbs, garlic, lemon juice, pomegranate molasses, vinegar, salt, red pepper flakes, cumin and olive oil into the bowl of a food processor. Blend everything until smooth. Taste and adjust the seasonings to your liking. Empty the red pepper mixture into a bowl. 
  4. Stir in the chopped walnuts, saving 1 or 2 tablespoons for topping. Sprinkle the rest of the chopped walnuts, parsley, lemon zest and black pepper on top of the muhammara. Drizzle with a tiny bit of olive oil. Serve immediately. The dip is best consumed within 3 to 4 days.


NUTRITION INFORMATION: Makes about 6 Servings. Amount per serving: Calories: 106, Total Fat 6g, Saturated Fat: 1g, Sodium: 276mg, Cholesterol: 0mg, Total Carbohydrate: 12g, Dietary Fiber: 2g, Sugar: 4g, Protein 2g

SUBSTITUTIONS: (1) If you can't find gluten-free bread crumbs, just crush crackers until they become small crumbs. (2) If you do not have pomegranate molasses, you can substitute with 2 teaspoons of honey and 2 teaspoons of balsamic vinegar. 


13 thoughts on “Muhammara (Syrian Red Pepper Dip)

  1. Traci | Vanilla And Bean
    Ah, the flavors and textures in this bowl make my mouth water, Lisa! There's so much going on.. and I love roasted red bell peppers SO much... Indeed, food has the power to take us places. Thank you for sharing my dear! :D
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